Aug. 10, 2021
THREE WEAPONS IN FENCING
The épée is also a thrusting weapon but has a maximum weight of 775 grams. Again, only the tip of the blade counts but the target area is the entire body so there is no lamé.
The épée is the descendant of the dueling sword, but is heavier, weighing approximately 27 ounces, with a stiffer, thicker blade and a larger guard. As in foil, touches are scored only with the point of the blade, however in épée the entire body, head-to-toe, is valid target - much like in an actual duel.
The two main differences are that the whole body, including the hand, is a scoring area, with no 'right of way' in operation. 한국야동
There is no such thing as an off-target hit so a phrase will continue until there is a score unless a tip of a blade hits the floor.
Here, the beat attack is a quick one-two of hitting the opponent's blade followed by aiming for his/her arm with counter attacks to the hand or arm more common due to lack of right of way.
The foil has a maximum weight of 500 grams and is a thrusting weapon. Only the tip of the blade counts with the target area the torso which is covered by the lamé.
The foil has a small circular hand guard that serves to protect the hand from direct stabs. As the hand is not a valid target in foil, this is primarily for safety. Touches are scored only with the tip; hits with the side of the blade do not register on the electronic scoring apparatus (and do not halt the action). Touches that land outside the target area (called an off-target touch and signaled by a distinct color on the scoring apparatus) stop the action, but are not scored.
It has the smallest target area with just the torso counting, and points are awarded via the 'right of way' system.
For a fencer to score a point, he or she must land with the point of the blade on the scoring area having - in the view of the referee - initiated an attack.
The sabre is a light cutting and thrusting weapon that targets the entire body above the waist, except the weapon hand. Sabre is the newest weapon to be used. Like the foil, the maximum legal weight of a sabre is 500 grams. The hand guard on the sabre extends from hilt to the point at which the blade connects to the pommel. This guard is generally turned outwards during sport to protect the sword arm from touches. Hits with the entire blade or point are valid. As in foil, touches that land outside the target area are not scored. However, unlike foil, these off-target touches do not stop the action, and the fencing continues. In the case of both fencers landing a scoring touch, the referee determines which fencer receives the point for the action, again through the use of "right of way".
It is lightweight enabling the use of the flick attack and, also like the foil, the 'right of way' system is in force.
One major difference between the sabre and the foil is that off-target hits do not stop the action with the phrase continuing until a point is scored. So if the fencer with the right of way lands off-target, his/her opponent can then win the point by landing on-target.